martes, 29 de abril de 2014

The profile of a Mexican-born immigrant to the US...

Here are some of the more interesting findings pertaining to Mexican-born immigrants contained in the newly released Pew Hispanic Center study. The study is at:

Between 2000 and 2012, the foreign-born population in the US grew 30.9%. The Mexican-born population grew less rapidly (25.4%), reducing the Mexican-born share of the foreign-born population from 29.4% to 28.2% of the total.

Over a third (34.3%) of the 11.5 million Hispanics living in the US who were born in Mexico arrived in the US before 1990. Another 31.1% came to the US between 1990 and 1999. Not quite a quarter (23.1%) arrived between 2000 and 2005. Only 11.5% have come since 2006.

In households in which languages other than English are spoken at home, nearly 3/4 (72%) of Mexican-born immigrants to the US who are 18 or older said they spoke English "less than very well". The opposite was true for Mexican-born immigrants under 18: 69% spoke English very well.

The educational profile of people born in Mexico living in the US is very different from that of other ethnic groups. Only 17.8% of those 25 years of age or older had completed more than high school. Only the Central American-born population had similarly low levels of educational attainment. The high school drop out rate of Mexican-born foreigners living in the US fell from 42.3% in 2000 to 13.3% in 2012 but, along with Central Americans, remained the highest of any foreign-born group. College enrollment rose from 7.4% in 2000 to 18.0% in 2012; once again, the Mexican-born foreign population rated lowest on the measure.

Income levels reflected the lack of educational achievements: median personal earnings for Mexican-born foreigners in 2012 were US$20,000 while median household income was $35,000, the lowest of any group. Nearly 3/5 (57.0%) of Mexican-born foreigners were in the first and second quintiles of the income distribution. Only 20.7% were in the top two quintiles (the fourth and fifth). Nearly three of every ten (27.8%) of Mexican born foreigners living in the US in 2012 were living in poverty.

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